India is one of the world’s fastest growing economies, but despite improvements, no Indian city has access to contin­uous water supply. The country is facing an increased demand and competition for water, undermining economic growth and public health.

The Government of India with support from, The Australian Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and  the World Bank,  are tackling the country’s critical water and sanitation challenges through the Water Supply and Sanitation in India (WSSI) Program.

The purpose of this program is to address India’s critical water and sanitation challenges by implementing multiple actions under the following pillars:

  1. Improving access to water supply and sanitation
  2. Improving quality and sustainability of services
  3. Improving sector capacity

Activities implemented by WSS include among others: policy and insti­tutional reforms (e.g., water pricing, tariffs, etc.); development of innovative financing instru­ments to mobilize public and private sector funding for critical infrastructure; and  wider adop­tion of innovative technologies and management practices to: reduce pollution and improve water use-efficiency, recycle, and re-use wastewater.


Grant Title Country Project Status Objective
Urban Water and Sanitation in the Metropolitan Area (UWSMP) - scoping study in National Capital Region India Closed completed To study how water and sanitation services to the major metro cities in the quickly growing national capital region can be improved, with particular emphasis on opportunities for regional collaboration.
Formulating and Instituting a Long-Term Sustainability Framework for Rural Water Supply Service Delivery in Karnataka India Closed completed To scale-up the pilot 24/7 water-supply schemes demonstrated in three cities (Hubli-Dharwad, Belgaum, and Gulbarga) under the earlier Karnataka Urban Water Supply Modernization Project (KUWASIP) to provide high quality, continuous water services in these cities and leverage private investments where possible.
Support to Preparation of Regional Water Supply and Sanitation (RWSS) National Program for Lagging States, India India Closed completed To provide technical assistance and support to the Ministry of Drinking Water Supply in developing a reform program for sustainable coverage of the rural water and sanitation system in the Lagging States by focusing on critical issues that will have impact on a successful program design.
Supporting Innovations and Capacity-building for Ganga Clean-up and Conservation India Closed completed To support the implementation of the National Ganga River Basin Project and assist India in its renewed efforts of cleaning and conserving the Ganga (Ganges) River.
Identification and Evaluation of Implementation Options for the National Urban Sanitation Policy in India India Closed completed To review the status of urban sanitation chain that includes urban sanitation, waste water, draining and solid waste management in cities in India and to understand the present conditions in achieving the National Urban Sanitation Policy objectives.
Public-private partnership (PPP) Options for Punjab Rural Water and Sanitation Project India Closed completed To investigate the opportunities of using private-public partnership (PPP) to fast-track the expansion of water supply and sanitation access to rural populations and achieve long-term operational sustainability of the services in Punjab.
Transaction Advisory Services for Public Private Partnerships for Rural Water Supply Schemes in Andhra Pradesh India Closed completed To assist the Government of Andhra Pradesh in designing a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) program based on the Design-Build and Operate model, as part of the Andhra Pradesh Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project.
Kerala Solid Waste Management Assessment India Closed completed To generate a demand for institutional and technical improvements in the municipal solid waste management sector in the State of Kerala.